Teosinte: Teosinte (Zea spp.) is an annual and perennial grass endemic to Mexico and Central America (Guatemala and Nicaragua). It is a critical component of maize evolution. There are five recognized species of teosinte: Zea diploperennis, Zea perennis, Zea luxurians, Zea nicaraguensis, and Zea mays . Teosinte grains have high nutritional value with higher total nitrogen and methionine content than maize.
The seeds can also be ground and used as flour